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The Kingdom of Denmark occupies the peninsula of Jutland and more than four hundred island in northern Europe. Governed as a constitutional monarchy, the State is a well established democracy with a modern developed economy. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are also governed as autonomous constituent countries. In recent years the State has been criticised over its anti-terrorism legislation as well as its use of solitary confinement for children in conflict with the law.
The Western European country of Denmark is a mostly flat country bordering Germany and both the North and Baltic seas. It is comprised of a large peninsula and several islands in the Baltic sea. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are self-governing territories of Denmark. The capital city is Copenhagen.
Population and Language
The population of Denmark stands at 5.5 million. The major ethnic groups include Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, and Somali.
The main language is Danish.
History and Politics
Denmark is a democratic, constitutional monarchy. The Queen is Margrethe II. The prime minister is Lars Lokke Rasmussen, who took over from Anders Fogh Rasmussen as prime minister and acting leader of the Liberal Party when the latter was elected NATO secretary-general in April 2009.
The legal system in Denmark is based on a civil law system. The Constitutional Act outlines human rights provisions including freedom of expression and freedom of assembly.
Denmark’s economy is in good shape. Its employment levels are high and it accommodates a competitive economic edge as well as a generous social security system.
Its main exports include machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, and chemicals.
Media and Civil Society
Freedom of expression is protected in the constitution, a principle cited by the Jyllands-Posten daily amid a backlash by some Muslims in 2006 over its publication of cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad. Denmark continued to face controversy and attacks in 2010 related to the cartoons. In January, cartoonist Kurt Westergaard escaped an assassination attempt by an assailant with suspected ties to the Shabaab, an Islamist militant group in Somalia.
Denmark enjoys a vibrant and diverse media.
Human Rights and Children's Rights
Concerns have been raised over counter-terrorism legislation, forced returns contrary to international guidelines, including to Iraq, and the inadequate protection of women against violence in legislation and practice.
Denmark ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 19 July 1991, the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict on 27 August 2002, and the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography on 24 July 2003.
- BBC: Denmark Country Profile
- Amnesty International, Annual Report 2011: Denmark
- Government of Denmark Website
- Human Rights Watch, Annual Report 2011: Denmark
- UNICEF, Country Profile: Denmark
- Index Mundi.com, Denmark