Swaziland

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Footnotes



Introduction

A landlocked African country, located between South Africa and Mozambique, Swaziland is one of the smaller African countries, being only just over 17,000 square kilometres in area and no more than 200 km north to south at any point. Independent since 1968, it is a monarchy, sometimes described as “absolute”, with a parliament and two traditional royal households - a king, who still retains significant executive powers and a king's-mother, or equivalent senior female family member, whose role is now largely symbolic. Freedom of expression and opposition political activity to the monarchy is heavily restricted, while violence by security services, child labour and abuse and discrimination against LGBT and ethnic or racial minority groups are also serious concerns.

Sources:

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Quick Facts

  • Population: 1,220,400 (UNDP, 2012)
  • Population under 18: 548,000 (UNICEF, 2011)
  • Number of internet users: 251,448 (18.1% of the population) (Internet World Stats, 2012)
  • Human Development Index ranking: 141 (UNDP, 2012)
  • Happy Planet Index ranking: N/A